1. Understand the legislation, regulations and policies that underpin the protection of vulnerable adults
1.1: Analyse the differences between the concept of safeguarding and the concept of protection in relation to vulnerable adults
There are individuals who cannot care for themselves. There are Safeguarding vulnerable adults is about guarding and protecting adults who may be at risk of harm by neglect of abuse. There are many different ways of abuse and neglect. It is everyone’s duty who work with the vulnerable adults to treat them with respect and dignity.
There are many types of abuse and some of them include: physical abuse where an individual is caused hurt intentionally. For example, hitting, pinching, slapping etc. Financial abuse- using an individual’s money without them knowing. Neglect- an example of this can be that there is an elderly service user who cannot attend the toilet themselves and require assistance. If they have had an accident and you have witnessed this and leave them then this is neglect. Sexual abuse- making someone do something they do not wish.
Safeguarding is keeping individuals safe from the above. If you observe any of the above then it should be reported immediately. You should report to your manager or the HIW –Healthcare Inspectorate Wales.
1.2: Evaluate the impact of policy developments on approaches to safeguarding vulnerable adults in own service setting.
In my own work setting, the impact of policy developments on approaches to safeguarding vulnerable adults is quite broad. The service users at my place of work would be known to vulnerable as they lack capacity to make decisions for themselves. Some have a mental health diagnosis and learning disability. For example, service users are detained under the mental health act and are treated under CO3 for their prescribed medications as they lack capacity to understand what the medications are for and why they may need it. Some service users feel they do not need medications and are perfectly fine. If they were to decline their prescribed medications, then their mental health would relapse.
We have to make sure that there is a policy in place and is kept up to date to safeguard staff and vulnerable adults. We have to ensure that all staff are aware of the policies which are in place. As a nurse I have to ensure that the staff read the policy which is in place and follow it. An example of this can be that when we get a new staff member starting at my place of work, they have to read the policies which are located in the office and sign to say they have read them. There is a procedure in place where staff can report anything they see to their line manager and if they do not feel comfortable reporting it to them, then there is an allocated person they can contact.
Prior to a staff member commencing work, a DBS check is carried out. They are also provided with the relevant training during their induction course.
1.3: Explain the legislative framework for safeguarding vulnerable adults