8. Contribute to health and safety in health and social care
8.1. Understand own responsibilities, and the responsibilities of others, relating to health and safety in work setting.
1. The legislations and codes of practice relating to general health and safety in a health or social care setting are:
• The Health and Safety at Work Act 1974;
• RIDDOR 2013;
• The Management of Health and Safety at Work Regulations 1999;
• The Regulatory Reform (Fire Safety) Order 2005;
• Control of Substances Hazardous to Health Regulations (COSHH) 2002;
• The Manual Handling Operations Regulations 1992;
• The Provision and Use of Work Equipment Regulations (PUWER) 2002;
• The Lifting Operations and Lifting Equipment Regulations 1998 (LOLER).
2. The main points of health and safety policies and procedures is to follow them by agreed ways of working between employees and employers as well as other outside persons. Ensuring approved codes of practice within the health and social care setting, in which relate to health and safety. These include recording and reporting procedures; such as how we deal with accidents and/or injuries, as well as emergency and/or first aid situations, for example the administering of first aid only if trained to do so. Other policies and procedures include, general working conditions and the environment we work in, to report and record any “unsafe” conditions, including the use of such equipment that may be used, adhering to regulations regarding the use such equipment, whether it be electrical or mechanical, such equipment that may be used when moving and handling, which in turn have own set of guidelines, policies and procedures to adhere to. There are also many other policies and procedures that must be adhered to, own personal safety as well as the safety of others, such as work colleagues as well as those we support, including personal security as well as safeguarding personal property. Health care procedures, such as administering personal care, as well as food preparation and handling situations. Recording and dealing with infection controls, as well as hazardous substances and following the correct procedures for the disposal of clinical waste.
3a. It is my responsibility as an individual to take care of my own health and safety, this includes having a good understanding and applying relevant legislations as well as agreed ways of working. It is also my responsibility to keep up-to-date with relevant legislations; this would include attending any relevant training as required. It also requires an understanding that certain tasks should not be carried out without such special training, such as the use of equipment, for example the use of hoist, when moving and handling. Medication administering and first aid are amongst other specialist training. The importance of liaising and cooperating with others, such as colleagues on general health and safety procedures. It is also important that I as an individual understand the importance of correct use of anything that is provided for the promotion of individual health, such as personal protective equipment, and as mentioned above specialist equipment such as hoists.
3b. It is the duty of the employer or manager to provide information, such as risks that may arise, regarding health and safety from working practices, these also include any changed that may cause harm or indeed affect the general health and safety of individual employees, as well as what can be done to protect health and safety. They must also outline how to do job safely, providing any necessary training for employees to carry out the job safely. They also must provide personal protective equipment, for example, protective clothing such as gloves. They must also outline and be aware of what to do in an emergency, including how to access first aid equipment. It is also the employer’s responsibility to provide health and safety executive information, this relates to the health and safety law, and covers workplace risks, and must either display such posters within the workplace or provide leaflets which contain information and contact details of people who can either help or assist with providing further information.
3c. It is the responsibility of others to follow health and safety advice given to them, co-operate with you to use appropriate equipment safely and take reasonable care of their own health and safety.
4. Tasks such as; food preparation, medication administering, first aid, moving and handling, should only be carried out once specialist training is undertaken. Other health and safety procedures may require specialist training too, such as fire evacuation procedures.
5. Work based training, would generally cover most aspects of general health and safety, however should additional support and information be needed, there are several agencies that provide such information, such as; the HSE European Commission, Care Quality Commission, Department of Health, Skills for Care.
8.2. Understand the use of risk assessments in relation to health and safety.
1. The purpose of assessing risk is to ensure the health, safety, welfare and security of staff, individuals and community. The law requires a risk assessment to be carried out about the environment in which you provide support for individuals as well as for the tasks you undertake. These enable you to reduce or remove any risks. You will need to make sure these risk assessments are kept for each individual.
2. How and when to report potential health and safety risk that has been identified is to do It immediately, inform your manager and then arrange for a new risk assessment to take place to rectify the newly discovered risk as soon as possible.
3. A risk assessment can help address dilemmas between a client’s rights and health and safety concerns as the risk assessment supports the individuals to have their choices met in the safest way possible.
8.3. Understand procedures for responding to accidents and sudden illness.
1. Different types of sudden illness