5/6C Teal | PDHPE | 17/11/17
Do you think adolescents/adults should drink even though there are horrendous side effects? Off course not. It is essential that we stop doing this, so today I am going to be explaining why minors and even adults shouldn’t consume alcohol for various reasons. Alcohol does many different things to your body and today I am going to be mentioning most of them as well as the rules associated with alcohol.
The Basic Facts:
What is alcohol?
Alcohol is created when grains, fruits or vegetables are fermented. Fermentation means the chemical breakdown by bacteria. Fermentation is a process that uses yeast or bacteria to change the sugars in the food into alcohol. Fermentation is used to produce many important items from cheese to medications. Alcohol has different forms and can be used as a cleaner or a sedative (sleeping pills).
Why adolescents and adults drink?
Adolescents consume alcohol because of peer pressure, some want to be treated as a grown up, to make themselves look cooler/fit in, curiosity and boredom. Some teenagers attempt to keep themselves engrossed but fail to do so. Some are rebels and blindly decide by themselves that they want to drink alcohol. Adults usually drink because they have a habit and they get used to drinking. Also because of depression.
Dangerous chemicals in alcohol
One of the main ingredients in alcohol is ethanol. Ethanol is also known as petrol and it is named ‘E10’. Some more in beer are Propylene Glycol and Calcium Disodium EDTA (Ethylenediaminetetraacetic acid)
Laws associated with alcohol, NSW
If you sell or supply alcohol to a minor (under 18 years) there will be huge penalties/ fines such as, on-the-spot is $1,100 and court imposed fines are $11,000 or 12 months in prison.
A responsible adult is an adult who is a parent, step-parent or carer of the minor.
Some evidence of age documents can be: a license or permit verified by the NSW Roads and Maritime service, a NSW photo card verified by the NSW Roads and Maritime services and a proof of age card verified by a public authority of the Commonwealth or of another state.
Blood alcohol limits:
For L (learner), Green P and Red P’s, the alcohol limit is 0. Public vehicle drivers can only have under 0.02. Normal drivers can have under 0.05 or 0.05, but not over that amount.
Supplying Alcohol on licensed premises:
A person can escape penalty if he/she shows that the minor is at least 14 years of age and has an evidence of age document that came authentic and indicated that he/she was 18 years or older.
On other premises:
A person shouldn’t give alcohol to a minor on unlicensed premises, such as a family home or other private setting, unless the person is a patient of the minor that is authorized.
A minor isn’t to remain in the bar area of any building. The maximum court imposed fine is $2,200 or an on-the-spot fine is $220.
A minor can enter a bar with a responsible adult/guardian if he/she is performing
If a licensee decides to serve alcohol to a minor, they must show approval from the Liquor & Gaming Authority. The maximum court imposed fine is $5,500 and on-the-spot fine is $550
Short term effects:
Short term means occurring over or relating to a short amount of time .Some hidden effects are your stomach, immune system, lungs and vitamin levels. Your stomach can become inflamed and cause diarrhea. Alcohol lowers the immune system which changes the molecules and cells in your body. This makes you prone to diseases such as tuberculosis. Alcohol disrupts a protein that keeps fluid out of your lungs, causing respiratory issues. Also Vitamin B levels, particularly, is decreased.
Long term effects
Long term means occurring over/relating to a long amount of time. Some of the long term effects are high blood pressure, heart disease, heart attack and stroke. If you have high blood pressure, it will increase all of the above. Cardiac arrhythmia is also another disease that disturbs the flow of the heart. Coronary heart disease is a disease of the extensive arteries that transfers blood to the heart. It raises blood pressure and increases levels of blood fat bringing Coronary heart disease. This can cause chest pains and death.
Few people deny the dangers of alcohol consumption, while many teens are curious about alcohol. They should stay away from alcohol because alcohol can affect our health, lead to academic failure, and jeopardises safety. The reasons mentioned above are also why you shouldn’t drink alcohol. I say NO to this addictive drug.