Appraisal of the Actual Time of Cooling of a 1.5HP Window Unit Air – Conditioner Using Thermometric Apparatus
Department of Marine Engineering, Yaba College of Technology, Yaba, Lagos State, Nigeria
Email: [email protected]
The study, appraisal of the actual time of cooling of a 1.5HP Window air conditioner using thermometric apparatus has been done. The investigation took fifteen days during which data were collated utilizing locally improvised materials like thermometer and stopwatch. The experimental data collation was done in the Morning Hours: 7:00AM – 9:00AM; Afternoon Hours: 12:00PM – 2:00PM and Evening Hours: 4:00PM – 6:00PM respectively and it started from the least 160C and ended with the highest which is 300C. The investigation revealed that for every 10C rise, it will take 1.207% time taken to cool the Office Room during the period of 7:00AM – 9:00AM, 1.119% time taken to cool the Office Room during the period 12:00PM – 2:00PM and 1.186% time taken to cool the Office Room during the period 4:00PM – 6:00PM respectively. Also, it was found that the relative humidity affects the time of cooling adversely thereby causing fluctuation in the certainty of time. It is recommended that cleaning of the filter twice weekly will debar blockage thereby ameliorating the air conditioner performance.
Keyword: Temperature, Thermometric Apparatus, Relative Humidity, Stopwatch
The word cooling means mostly to any natural procedure by which heat is degenerated. The procedure of generating utmost cold temperature is termed cryogenics 1. However, the air – conditioning system is to cool the air in the confined space thereby making the temperature of the confined space comfy and for suitable performance of some industrial processes. It is also a machine that is made to stabilize the humid air and temperature of the confined space 2 3. Usually, the air – conditioning systems is categorized into unitary and centralized air – conditioning systems and both the two are refers to as conventional air – conditioning system which depends on vapour compression cycle 4. This machine called air conditioning system, has two important modes of operation which includes the liquid absorbed heat when it transforms from liquid into gas and gas emit heat when it transforms from gas into liquid. Also, the water absorbs heat from the flame as it boils and changes into gas. When the gas condenses into liquid there is a radiation of heat 5. The air – conditioner is made up of four equipments which include the compressor, evaporator, condenser and expander. The position of the compressor and condenser are usually outside the part of the machine while the evaporator and expander are situated inside the house. The refrigerant gets into the compressor which in turn affects the pressure of the fluid thereby increasing it 6. The air – conditioning device is made to render a comfy working atmosphere within a specified domain thereby controlling the environs at an appropriate level of temperature, relative humidity, circulation of air, and purification of air. Also, the usage of air – conditioning device everyday is to make the occupiers to be comfy considering the atmospheric tropical weather environmental condition of Nigeria 7 8.
Previously, the author performed an observational finding of the actual time of cooling with respect to comparable temperature of 1.5HP Air Conditioner unit 9. It was observed in the experimental data based analysis that an average of twelve minutes (12mins.) is required to cool the office – Room with a comparable temperature of 160C and it was also found that for every increment of 10C of temperature, a comparable 10% of the average time taken to cool the Office Room was utilized
Thus, the present work will analyze the appraisal of the actual time of cooling of a 1.5HP Air – Conditioner utilizing thermometric apparatus and peculiarity will be based on the time it takes to cool the Office – Room in the Morning, Afternoon and Evening since each season has different atmospheric conditions that affect time of cooling.
The investigation was done on a 1.5HP Air – Conditioner attached to Office – Room of size 6.83m x 2.48m which is situated at Room 21, Third Floor, Engineering Wing, Proposed Senate Building, Yaba College of Technology, Yaba, Lagos State, Nigeria. The data collations followed a sequential procedural methodical process of tentatively and meticulously take time at every degree interval as it appears on the dash board of the air conditioner utilizing thermometer and stopwatch for recording of the time. The data experimentation was performed for fifteen days and it was done in the Morning Hours: 7:00AM – 9:00AM; Afternoon Hours: 12:00PM – 2:00PM and Evening Hours: 4:00PM – 6:00PM respectively and it started from the least 160C and ended with the highest which is 300C. The average of the respective time taken for each degree and each section was calculated and compared to 9. Also, useful thermodynamic equations and psychometric chart (See Appendix A) was used to determine the coefficient of performance and the refrigerating effects of the air conditioner and from Figure 2.1, the Equations for the Coefficient of Performance (COP) and Refrigerating Effects (Q41) are deduced 510 1112.
Figure 2.1: P – h Diagram Cooling Process 510
COPref= Q41W= h1-h4h2-h1 2.1
Q41 = h1-h42.2
3.0 Results and Discussions
Table 3.1 contains the average of the readings utilizing the stopwatch to record the appropriate time after tentatively and conscientiously monitor the thermometer readings. The reading begins with 160C and ends with 300C and the average was calculated and tabulated. Excel Software is used to plot the graph of Temperature to the time taken in the various sections while the initial temperature or relative humidity is plotted against the time of cooling at various sections. The Figures 3.2 – 3.5 gives a better illustration.
Table 3.1: Reading of Time Taken at Various Intervals
(0C) 7-9 (AM)
(Mins.) 4 – 6(PM)
1 16.00 32.00 12.05 13.04 11.00
2 17.00 33.00 13.58 14.02 12.55
3 18.00 32.00 14.05 15.07 14.48
4 19.00 34.20 16.07 15.23 15.00
5 20.00 30.00 17.30 17.00 16.48
6 21.00 40.00 19.05 19.03 18.05
7 22.00 36.00 20.10 20.50 19.30
8 23.00 33.30 20.50 20.58 20.01
9 24.00 35.50 21.10 21.00 20.00
10 25.00 37.40 22.30 22.00 21.02
11 26.00 38.00 24.50 23.50 23.00
12 27.00 39.20 25.00 24.00 24.00
13 28.00 36.00 26.00 26.00 25.50
14 29.00 38.00 28.00 28.00 27.35
15 30.00 40.00 30.20 29.30 29.00
Figure 3.2: Temperature against Time it Take to Cool the Office – Room (7:00AM – 9:00AM)
Figure 3.3: Temperature against Time it Take to Cool the Office – Room (12:00PM – 2:00PM)
Figure 3.4: Temperature against Time it Take to Cool the Office – Room (4:00PM – 6:00PM)
Figure 3.5: Effect of Relative Humidity on the Time of Cooling
Figure 3.2 shows that as the temperature increases by 10C, the time take to cool the Office Room increases by 1.207%. It also indicates that 15seconds is utilized for cooling in every 10C rise in temperature during the period: 7:00AM – 9:00AM. The Figure 3.3 depicts that as the temperature rises by 10C, the time take to cool the office rises by 1.119%. It illustrates that it will used 13seconds to cool the Office Room for every 10C rise in temperature during the period: 12:00PM – 2:00PM. Also, in Figure 3.4, it was found that for every 10C rise in temperature, the time taken to cool the office is 1.186%. This shows that an average of 14seconds is used to cool the office for every 10C rise in temperature during the period: 4:00PM – 6:00PM. Figure 3.5 indicates that the relative humidity has serious effect on the time the air conditioner will used to cool the Office Room looking at the haphazard nature of the characteristic behavior of the graph. Finally, utilizing the Psychometric Chart (Appendix A) and considering the temperatures of the air conditioner: lowest – 160C and highest – 300C, the enthalpies at point 1, 2, 3 and 4 can be deduced respectively: h1= 410KJ/Kg, h2=450KJ/Kg, h3 = h4= 225KJ/Kg. Therefore, substituting appropriately in Equation 2.1 and Equation 2.2; the Coefficient of Performance will be 4.63 and the refrigerating effect will be 185KJ/Kg9 12.
The study appraisal of the actual time of cooling of a 1.5hp window unit air – conditioner using thermometric apparatus has been done. The investigation revealed that for every 10C rise it will take 1.207% to cool the Office Room during the period of 7:00AM – 9:00AM, 1.119% to cool the Office Room during the period 12:00PM – 2:00PM and 1.186% to cool the Office Room during the period 4:00PM – 6:00PM respectively. Also, it was found that the relative humidity affects the time of cooling adversely thereby causing fluctuation in the certainty of time. It is recommended that cleaning of the filter twice weekly will debar blockage thereby ameliorating the air conditioner performance.
1Maheshwari, M., Shrivastava, G. & Choubey, B.(2013). Study on Refrigeration System Designed for Low Temperatures, International Journal of Scientific and Research Publication, Vol. 3, Issue 2, pp. 1 – 3.
2Rizalman, B.M.(2011). The Suitability of Inverter Air – Conditioning compared to Non – Inverter Type for Household Application, B. Mech. Engg. (Thermo – Fluid) Project, Faculty of Mechanical Engineering, Universiti Teknikal Malaysia Melaka.3 Jones, W. P. (2001). Air Conditioning Engineering, Butterworth – Heinemann, Amsterdam.4ASHARAE Handbook 2013, American Society of Heating, Refrigeration and Air – Conditioning Engineers (Fundamentals).
5Nachum, A. (2010). Basic and Professional Air – Conditioning Systems, Scientific Educational Systems – SKILL G., pp 4 – 17.
6Desai, P.S. (2004). Modern Refrigeration and Air Conditioning for Engineers, Khanna Publishers: Delhi, India, pp. 441 – 444.
7Karadeniz, Z. H., Kumlutas, D. & Özer, O. (2013). Experimental Visualization of the Flow Characteristics of the Outflow of a Split Air – Conditioner Indoor by Meshed Infrared Thermography and Stereo Particle Image Velocimetry, Exp. Thermal Fluid Science, Vol. 44, pp.334 – 344.
8Lebele – Alawa, B.T. & Ujile, A.A. (2013). Experimental Determination of the Waste Heat from a 1.5HP Air – Conditioner Unit, International Research Journal in Engineering, Science and Technology (IREJEST), Vol. 10, No. 1, pp. 47 – 51.
9Ebifemi, A.S., Igoma, E.N. & Kolo, J.G. (2015). Experimental Determination of the Actual Time of Cooling with respect to the Corespondin Temperature of a 1.5Horsepower(HP) Air Conditioner Unit, First (1st) School of Engineering International Conference, Yaba College of Technology, Yaba, Lagos State, Nigeria.
10Khurmi, R.S. & Gupta, J.K. (2002). A Textbook of Refrigeration and Air Conditioning, S.Chand and Company Ltd: New Delhi, India, pp. 416 – 526.
11Gordon, R. & Yon, M. (1996). Engineering Thermodynamics, Addison Wesley Longman Publishers: Singapore, pp. 275 – 278.
12Fouani Nigeria Limited (2010). Room Air Conditioner – Window Type Owner’s Manual, LG Electronics Inc., pp. 19 – 21.
Psychometric Chart 591011