Erikson and Maslow have developed theories of life that are distinct and also similar between one another. These theories usually take into consideration some of the most basic ideas about human growth and development. Growth takes place from when you’re an infant to adulthood and then physiological (the relationship between and interplay of mental health and interpersonal health) changes that take place when people age. Development is about physiological, emotional, mental, social, physical or maturational changes (pg. 84)
Erikson is a theorist known for his stages of personality development. He explains the certain stages of development affect personality in separate ways. His eight stages of development offer a guideline for identifying the psychosocial challenges patients face at different periods in their lives and the tasks thy must master before successfully transitioning to the next stage of development (pg.86). In Erikson’s theory each crisis is balanced and still be able to develop basic strengths. He believed that solving crisis will obtained the healthy personality and vice versa. Each stage consists of healthy and unhealthy personality and also consists of independent stages. Each stage is based on the individual’s age (Berrien). Erikson believed that society and culture affects how the personality of an individual develops and the successful completion of each stage supports the healthy development of the persons ego.
Maslow theorist known for his hierarchy needs. The stages are set up in a pyramid going from bottom to top. This theory is based upon the idea that all individuals have different needs ranging from basic to complex (Berrien). Maslow’s hierarchy of Needs begins with the needs that sustain life; the physiological, Needs such as food, water, homeostasis, reproduction, rest and physical activities. Once all the needs are met the individual can move up in the pyramid (pg. 84). As long as the needs are fulfilled the individual will move onto the next level. Maslow’s hierarchy of needs does not define the age of the person when they reach a certain age, nor a negative outcome when the stage is not achieved, like Erikson’s theory (pg. 87).