Eyewitness Testimony
A Psychology Review: Elizabeth Loftus
Abigail Ramos
Texas A&M International University
Abstract
Eyewitness testimony takes place when a person witnesses a crime and later stands up to give the court the details of what was witnessed in the event. The process itself is more complicated than the initial thought. The process focuses on what happened during the event of the crime to run the witnessing smooth, and on everything that happens from the time the crime is over to the time being of the courtroom appearance. The eyewitness may be interviewed by the police and several lawyers, and can be asked to describe and make an identification of the perpetrator to several different people. Eyewitnesses can provide a captivating testimony, but not remember the events of the crimes explicitly as it was; therefore, their memories are likely to be harmed by a variety of errors and biases. The eyewitnesses can either make errors in remembering specific details of the events or even remember whole events that did not occur.
Keywords:
Eyewitness Testimony; A Psychology Review: Elizabeth Loftus
Elizabeth Loftus, a leading researcher in eyewitness testimony, states that according to studies on the reconstructive nature of human memory, it is highly expected for errors to be encountered which is why it should be overlooked at with caution. However, the eyewitness testimony’s reliability is in question due to factors such as biological, misleading information, and eyewitnesses’ confidence.