In society you can find three classes of people; the upper class, working class and the poor class. The upper middle class is made up of highly educated business and professional people with a reasonable or high income. The working class are educated and engage in manual labour. Whereas the poor class or lower class is typified by poverty, homelessness and unemployment. Karl Marxism argue that all organizations of society are set up and run to profit the bourgeoises, because the upper class governs society. ‘The bourgeoisie strives to keep the cost of labour at a minimum, while the proletariat (worker) strives to sell its labour at the highest possible price.’ The bourgeoises are consider as the middle-class people who own most of the wealth in a capitalist system. This means that the capitalist system encourages criminal behaviour. The law is made by the Capitalist elite and tends to work in their interests. We know that all classes commit crime however the crimes of the Capitalist class are more overpriced than street crime. The Marxist theory of crime suggests that crime is assured with conflict of a class-based nature in which crimes of the powerful are much less noticed than the crimes of the weak.
Crime is an act that violates a moral or social law, which is decided by society and the government. Everyone has different views of crime; however, the word of crime is symbolized in acts of violence. “Is a person who kills another in a bar fight a greater threat to society than a business executive who refuses to cut into his profits to make his plant a safe place to work?” There are harms that are not consider criminals such as smoking, work safety and pollution.
Criminology is referred to the study of criminal action, which looks at the origin causes of crime with the hope creating strategies that can reduce corruption. Critical criminology guises in and under the criminal justice issues with an awareness of how class and inequality have given an increase to crime. This view point includes an awareness in theoretical approaches, how social issues such as poverty, economic oppression, class gender and race affect the perpetration and punishment of crime. The benefit in understanding or solving the crime problem is to develop goal or goals of eliminating criminal behaviour. We live in an age in which the social order of the national state, class, ethnicity and the traditional family is in a decline.