It is this passionate interest in the Kokoda Track, and an awareness of the need for its preservation and management, that have motivated the present historical study. This study was funded by the Department of Environment, Heritage, Water and the Arts (DEHWA) as part of the Joint Understanding on the Kokoda Track and Owen Stanley Ranges signed by the Australian and Papua New Guinean (PNG) governments. The PNG government has placed the Kokoda Track and the surrounding Owen Stanley Ranges on its World Heritage Tentative List as a mixed cultural and natural site, with a view to developing a formal nomination later. Similarly, the Australian government has placed the Kokoda Track on its List of Overseas Places of Historic Significance because of its importance to Australia’s wartime history.