The Endocrine Disorder that I pick and found interesting is Addison’s disease. Addison disease happens when your body produces not your adrenal glands produce enough amounts of hormones. Per the Mayo Clinic, it states in Addison’s disease, your adrenal glands produce too little cortisol and often insufficient levels of aldosterone as well. The Mayo Clinic also indicates, Addison’s disease occurs in all age groups and affects both sexes. Addison’s disease can be life-threatening.
The symptoms of Addison’s disease usually happens slowly, sometimes several months which include:
– Extreme fatigue
– Weight loss and decreased appetite
– Darkening of your skin known as(hyperpigmentation)
– Low blood pressure, even fainting
– Salt craving
– Low blood sugar is known as (hypoglycemia)
– Nausea, diarrhea or vomiting
– Abdominal pain
– Muscle or joint pains
– Depression
– Body hair loss or sexual dysfunction in women
There are times the signs and symptoms of Addison’s disease can appear unexpectedly, like for instances acute adrenal failure also known as (Addisonian crisis), these signs and symptoms may include :
– When there are indications of pain in your lower back, abdomen or legs
– Severe vomiting and diarrhea, leading to dehydration
– Low blood pressure
– Loss of consciousness
– High potassium also known as (hyperkalemia) and low sodium know as (hyponatremia)
If your physician thinks that you may have Addison’s disease, he may order you test such as:
– Blood Test, this is to measure your blood level of sodium, potassium, cortisol, and ACTH
– ACTH stimulation test- This test involves measuring the level of cortisol in your blood before and after an injection or synthetic ACTH.
– Insulin-induced hypoglycemia test – The doctor orders this test if he thinks the pituitary disease is a possible cause of adrenal insufficiency.
– Imaging tests- The may also order a CT scan of your abdomen to check the size of your adrenal glands and also check if other abnormalities might cause the adrenal insufficiency.
Treatment for Addison’s disease involves taking hormones to replace the lack amounts being made by your adrenal glands; this mimics the beneficial effects produced by your naturally made hormones.
Addison’s disease lifestyle changes and self-help:
– Remain calm always
– Practice relaxing techniques like meditation, yoga, and acupuncture
– Do not postpone your doctor visit
– You should continue your medication,( if you discontinue your prescription you can cause serious problems)
– Eat a healthy diet