The potential effects of discrimination can be detrimental on a person’s development and well-being encompassing a wide range of factors including health; social; financial; relationships; and work.

Health

When a person is discriminated against it can affect their state of health, mentally and physically. Mentally, feelings of disengagement, exclusion, depression and loneliness can lead to a person feeling ostracised. Physically, these feelings can manifest into short-term sickness, such as headaches, feeling sick or long-term sickness such as stress, anxiety or depression leading to time off work. A person may lose weight and develop disorders such as anorexia and bulimia or put on weight and become obese.

Social

It can affect a person socially making them feel inadequate, unwilling to go out and meet with their friends, avoiding answering or making telephone calls; this is because anxiety can make them withdraw into themselves.

Financial

It can affect them financially, directly or indirectly. Directly from missed opportunities, being passed over for promotion or not being paid fairly. Indirectly due to time off work, loss of earnings or even dismissal because of their absences.

Relationships

It can affect their relationships with loved ones and family members, becoming unsociable and losing interest in activities and hobbies they once enjoyed together, due to their loss of confidence and poor self esteem. It can affect their relationships with people at work and society in general because of their feelings of distrust, negativity, fear and so hinders them from building rapport and forging relationships.

Work

It can affect their work in terms of performance and quality. Productivity and quality go down, risks of accidents and mistakes increase, and concentration is zero. When morale is low and a person is feeling under-valued and under-appreciated absenteeism can occur.