There are quite a few different circumstances which may affect child’s development. Disability, social and emotional, cultural and environmental factors play a huge role in child’s development.
Disability is very important factor in child’s development. With some kind of disability either mental, or physical children will find more difficult to learn new things, they might need different way of teaching, more assistance and etc. For example, if disabled child can’t use his legs, he won’t be able to skip or ride a bicycle, so his development will not be following the pattern normally expected. Or if a child with learning disabilities won’t be given extra support while learning to read, he will fall behind and it will affect the development.
Social and emotional factors take another important part in child’s development. If a child comes from family with domestic abuse he is more likely to have low-esteem and therefore, he will refuse to try new activities, which will help him develop. If a child is neglected in any way he will most likely will be slower in intellectual and language development due to lack of proper communication and informal learning though plays.
Environment can be another important reason why child’s development may not follow the pattern normally expected. If a child lives in poor neighborhood and the housing isn’t maintained properly, he can experience a lot of illnesses, breathing problems, skin conditions which have an effect on development. Or if a child comes from poor family, he might not be able to go to nursery and experience a lot of new activities which will help in development.
Cultural reasons can be named as another factor why child’s development may not follow the pattern normally expected. For example, in some countries girls are treated as second class comparing to boys. Girls are not expected to attend school, therefore, they are not given the same opportunities as boys and their development will be affected.