There is a lot of brutality and abuse in the story as we can see by the scenes portrayed in the book. Brutality is a very common theme in puritan communities with their violence towards the church and other religious beliefs. The definition of brutality is: “A great violence but is not only physical but can be mental.” Brutality is shown many times in the scarlet letter showing how brutal this world is, not only for hester, but for many people living in the puritan community. The mark that brands Hester is just for everyone else to see but even if she did not have it the guilt would still be on her as shown in this quote, “Ah, but let her cover the mark as she will, the pang of it will be always in her heart.” Chapter 2, ‘The Market-Place”. The quote shows how if she did not have this mark gleaming on her chest that she would still feel the guilt but not everyone else would be so terrible to her. In my opinion I think that the the quote is quite sarcastic in a way because she is dealing with the brutality of how people are treating her because the does have this mark which is shown off to everyone. Dimsdale is an important character in this novel and there is what many would think is physical brutality occurring to him when he is aging and not in a good state. The problem is that this is not as much of a physical pain as it is a mental pain making it seem to Dimsdale that he is enduring this crazy pain and suffering moment. “A bodily disease, which we look upon as whole and entire within itself, may, after all, be but a symptom of some ailment in the spiritual part.” Chapter 10, ‘The Leech and His Patient’. Often times the brain can make us feel pain when really there is not pain there at all. Dimsdale is thought to have a heart problem but it is really just his mental anguish that he is going through because of all the sins he has committed.